Plaquenil (Hydroxychloroquinine) is commonly used for the treatment of certain auto-immune diseases. It is believed that it acts through interfering with the normal processes of the organism of producing and releasing the specific blood cells involved in the immune defense system. This helps prevent the disease progression through limiting the damage it causes.
Plaquenil is most commonly used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Apart from that, it may also be employed to treat patients suffering from long term skin inflammations or inflammations of certain internal organs (systemic lupus erythematosus) or from related affections (such as scleroderma). Patients affected by juvenile arthritis may also benefit from the effects of Plaquenil.
This drug can also be employed for the treatment of patients whose skin has been damaged by sunlight, or who suffer from certain skin disorders which are worsened by exposure to sunlight.
Plaquenil may be employed for the treatment of other medical affections which have not been listed here. If you would like to know more regarding the possible uses of this pharmaceutical product, it is best that you seek the advice of a pharmacist or a specialized physician.
Plaquenil may not be prescribed or administered under any circumstances to patients who are allergic to this medicine, to Quinine or to similar pharmaceutical preparations. Also, this drug may not be used for the treatment of patients suffering from eye maculopathy (pre-existing eye abnormality). This medicine should not be employed in the treatment of pregnant patients.
Health care professionals are advised to carefully consider all the risks of a treatment with Plaquenil before deciding to prescribe this medicine to patients who are suffering from gastrointestinal disorders, neurological disorders, liver or kidney impairment, or to patients with G6PD deficiency, psoriasis or severe blood-related disorders, including porphyria and other genetically transmitted disorders.
Plaquenil should not be used in the case of pregnant patients or breast-feeding mothers. If you belong in any of the above categories, please consult your personal physician in order to find out more about the alternative therapy methods available.
Plaquenil Intake Guidelines
Plaquenil may only be taken as directed by the supervising health care professional. Typically, this drug should be taken after a meal, with milk or water in order to reduce stomach upset. The duration of the treatment as well as the number of intakes vary greatly from one situation to another; make sure that you understand and follow your prescriber’s directions. If you have any questions or if you are not sure that you have correctly understood the guidelines, feel free to contact your physician and ask for further guidance.
The exact Plaquenil dosage that needs to be employed in each case varies greatly based on a number of factors, such as the patient’s general health condition, his or her age or the affection being treated. Your prescriber will inform you regarding the correct dosage and the number of daily intakes. In some cases, this medicine needs to be taken once every several days. Make sure that you are only using the correct dosage and do not take this medicine more often than recommended. Taking Plaquenil in higher doses or more often than your prescriber has directed does not yield better results; on the contrary, severe consequences are possible.
An overdose is the result of taking excessive amounts of medication in a short period of time. The symptoms of an overdose with Plaquenil usually appear within 30 minutes and may include drowsiness, headache, convulsions, heart problems and heart failure, breathing problems and vision disturbances. These are not the only symptoms that may appear, and the short term and long term consequences of an overdose may be severe, possibly even lethal. As such, it is imperative that you immediately contact the local poisons center or the nearest emergency room if you suspect that you or anyone else may be affected by a Plaquenil overdose.
Plaquenil Missed Dose
It is strongly recommended that you take all necessary measures to avoid missing any doses of Plaquenil. For example, in many cases it may help to set up a strict intake schedule for your medication. In such cases it is best that you ensure that the medication schedule fits your daily agenda and your life style.
If you happen to miss any of your Plaquenil doses, you should take it as soon as you remember about it. However, if it is almost time for another in take of the medicine, it may be best to completely skip the missed dose and take the next dose on time. However, you should contact your personal health care provider to receive specific advice on what you should do.
Plaquenil Side Effects
Plaquenil may cause a number of side effects. While generally this medicine is safe to use, in some cases the patient may experience such adverse reactions as rashes, vision blurring, photophobia, skin pigmentation changes, hair loss, vertigo and balance disturbances, corneal affections, worsening of certain skin conditions (such as psoriasis) if present, or gastric disorders including vomiting and nausea, gastric discomfort, constipation and diarrhea.
These are not all the symptoms that may appear as side effects to Plaquenil therapy. Some may be mild and transient, while others may become persistent and / or severe. It is strongly recommended that you immediately contact your personal health care professional at any point during the course of the treatment if you experience any unpleasant or unexpected symptoms.
Plaquenil Drug Reactions
The Plaquenil doses should not be taken within four hours of an intake of antacids, as these may reduce the absorption of the medicine. Also, close monitoring may be required in the case of patients that are also taking Digoxin due to the increased risk of toxicity and side effects.
In some countries PLAQUENIL may also be known as: Hydroxychloroquine, Ercoquin, Quensyl, Axokine, Evoquin, Metirel, Narbon, Polirreumin, Reuquinol, Apo-Hydroxyquine, Oxiklorin, Dolquine, Hydroquin